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PSY632 : Theory & Practice of Counseling

Course Overview

Course Synopsis

This course basically focuses upon the basic guideline for improving one’s personality by using the psychological techniques; tests; interventions and psychological treatment. Students will come to know about different school of thought’s point of views and their understanding about human nature and their wellbeing. While the course is primarily theoretical, it also develops some awareness of the basic skills in counseling practice. You will get a good grounding in key topics in counseling, including its cultural and historical origins; different theoretical orientations (including humanistic, psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral orientations); and the vital role of the counseling relationship. In addition, basic skills in listening, attending and responding appropriately will be introduced.

Course Learning Outcomes

At the end of this course, you should be able to:

  • Demonstrate foundational knowledge in counseling psychology (concepts, theories, ethical issues, basic skills, etc.).
  • Apply this knowledge in improving one’s own life as well as to understand others in a better way.
  • Indulge in self-assessment (one’s own needs, motivations and personal characteristics that will either help or hinder one in becoming a professional in human services).
  • Use basic counseling skills (attending and listening skill) in improving their own relationships.
  • Explore ethical and legal issues for the practice of counseling profession.

Course Calendar

Characteristics of Counseling1Handouts6
Counseling as a Psychological Process1Handouts6
Distinctions between Counseling & Psychotherapy1Handouts6
Historical background2Handouts9
Similarities between Counseling & Psychotherapy2Handouts9
Historical Development of the Counseling Profession2Handouts9
Our Heritage from the Past: Before 20th Century2Handouts10
Early Greek Counselors2Handouts10
Muslim Traditions in Counseling & Psychotherapy2Handouts11-13
Psychopathic Hospitals3Handouts14-15
Child Guidance Movement3Handouts16-20
Counseling as a Recognized Field of Psychology4Handouts21-22
Goals and activities5Handouts23
Criteria for Judging Goals5Handouts23
Qualification & Training of Counselor5Handouts24
Individual Assessment & Counseling5Handouts25
Where Counsellors Work?5Handouts26-27
Ethical Codes6Handouts28
Client Rights6Handouts29-30
Keeping Relationships Professional7Handouts31-32
Legal Recognition of Counseling7Handouts33-35
Quiz No. 01
Effective counselor8Handouts36
Personal Characteristics Model8Handouts36-39
Counselor’s Motives to Enter the Profession: Beneficial Motives9Handouts40
Counselor’s Motives to Enter the Profession: Harmful Motives9Handouts40-41
Sex-Role Identity and Expectations9Handouts42-43
Influence of Counselor's Values on Client's Values10Handouts44
Cultural Bias in Theory and Practice10Handouts45-46
Stress and Burnout10Handouts47
Psychological Health Model10Handouts47-49
Counseling skills11Handouts50
Attending skills: Nonverbal Communication11Handouts50-54
Assignment No. 01
Nonverbal Pitfalls of the Counselor12Handouts55
A Touchy Subject—Touching12Handouts56
Gender and Cultural Differences12Handouts56
Concepts facilitating Good Nonverbal Communication12Handouts57
Helpful Behaviors: Nonverbal12Handouts58
Listening and understanding skills13Handouts60
What are Listening & Understanding Skills?14Handouts66
Asking Questions: Open Questions15Handouts66-67
Closed Questions15Handouts6869
Assignment No. 02
Distinction between Thoughts & Feelings16Handouts71-72
Summarizing Skills16Handouts73
Influencing Skills (Basic Listening Sequence (BLS)17Handouts74-75
Focusing and Selective Attention Skills17Handouts77-78
Challenging/ Confrontation Skills18Handouts79-82
Counseling Process19Handouts83-86
Counselor Qualities20Handouts87
The Initial Session20Handouts87-88
Counseling Goals20Handouts89
Middle Phase: Working in a Counseling Relationship20Handouts90-93
Termination of Counseling Relationships21Handouts95-96
Timing of Termination22Handouts97
Theory of Counseling22Handouts97-98
Sociological Foundations22Handouts99
Psychological Foundations: Social Psychology22Handouts99-100
Mid Term Exams
Classical Psychoanalytic Approach23Handouts101-103
The Structure of Personality23Handouts104
Psychosexual Stages of Development23Handouts105107
Role of the Counselor24Handouts108
Techniques: From Theory to Practice24Handouts109
View of Human Nature25Handouts111-113
Goals of Adlerian Individual Psychology26Handouts114
Jungian Analytical Theory26Handouts115
Composition of Personality26Handouts115
Psychological Types26Handouts116
Interventions used in Jungian Analytical Psychology26Handouts116-117
Quiz No. 02
Karen Horney (1885-1952)27Handouts118
View of Human Nature27Handouts118
Harry Stack Sullivan (1892-1949)27Handouts119
View of Human Nature27Handouts119-121
Role of the Counselor28Handouts123
Certain Emphases within Client-Centered Approach28Handouts124
GESTALT THERAPY29Handouts126-127
Association of Gestalt Therapy with Gestalt Psychology29Handouts128
Quiz No. 03
View of Human Nature31Handouts134
Best-known Cognitive Theories32Handouts136
Stress-Inoculation Therapy32Handouts137
Beck’s Cognitive Therapy32Handouts137138
Rational Emotive Therapy (RET)32Handouts139-140
Graded Discussion Board
Cognitive Approaches to Counseling (Continue)33Handouts141-144
Transactional Analysis34Handouts145-150
Behavioral Approaches35Handouts151-154
Behavioral Approaches (Techniques: General Behavioral Techniques)36Handouts155159
Assignment No. 3
Reality Therapy (Behavioral Approaches: Link to Previous Lecture)37Handouts160-168
Groups in Counseling38Handouts165-169
Groups in Counseling (Continue)39Handouts169-172
Marriage & Family Counseling40Handouts173-177
Quiz No. 04
Marriage & Family Counseling (Continue)41Handouts178-182
Career Counseling42Handouts183-186
Community Counseling & Consulting43Handouts187-191
Diagnosis & Assessment44Handouts192-198
Final Overview45Handouts199-204
Final Term Exams
Disclaimer: This is a tentative plan for the semester. It can be changed if needed and students will be informed via announcement.
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