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BIO202 : Biochemistry-I

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Dr. Nakhshab Choudhry

Course Contents

Introduction to Carbohydrates Carbohydrates-Disaccharides Carbohydrates-Polysaccharides Carbohydrates-Isomerism Carbohydrates-Chiral centers,double bonds Carbohydrates-D and L isomerism Carbohydrates-Enantiomers, Optical activity Carbohydrates-Optical activity (Conti....) Carbohydrates-Cyclic (ring) structures Carbohydrates-Cyclic (ring) structres (Conti...), anomers Carbohydrates-ring structure of monosaccharides Carbohydrates: Epimers, Trioses, Tetroses, Pentoses Carbohydrates: D-Galactose, D-Fructose, Properties of monosaccharides Carbohydrates: Properties of monosaccharides Disaccharides Oligosaccharides Polysaccharides Proteins Properties of Proteins Composition of Proteins Conventions used to identify the carbons in amino acids Acidic and basic properties of amino acids Abbreviations and symbols of amino acids Classification of amino acids: A. Aliphatic R groups Classification of amino acids: Aromatic amino acids Classification of amino acids: Aliphatic, Polar Uncharged R groups Classification of amino acids: Positively charged (Basic R groups) Classification of amino acids: Negatively charged (Acidic) R groups Classification of amino acids: Glucogenic or ketogenic Classification of proteins Functional classification of proteins Peptide bond Structural Hierarchy of Proteins The Primary Structure The Secondary structure The Tertiary Structure The Quaternary Structure Protein folding Protein misfolding Protein denaturation Reversible binding of a protein Lipid Chemistry Lipid Chemistry: Classification of lipids Lipid Chemistry: Fatty Acids Lipid Chemistry: Classification Of Fatty Acids Lipid Chemistry: Nomenclature of Fatty Acids Lipid Chemistry: Physical and Chemical Properties of Fatty Acids Lipid CHemistry: Special Reactions of Unsaturated Fatty Acids Lipid Chemistry: Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Of Biological Importance Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids of Biological Importance Unsaturated Fatty Acids of Physiologic and Nutritional Significance Lipid Chemistry-Other Common Fatty Acids Lipid Chemistry-Glycerol and Sphingosine Lipid Chemistry: Sphingosine Lipid Chemistry-Properties of Glycerol Lipid Chemistry-Simple lipids Lipid Chemistry-Triacylglycerols Lipid Chemistry-Properties of TAGs Lipid Chemistry-Chemical Properties of TAGs Lipid Chemistry-Waxes Lipid Chemistry-True Waxes Lipid Chemistry-Lipids and Nutrition Lipid Chemistry-Lipoproteins Lipid Chemistry- Lipid Chemistry-Role of Dietary Lipids Lipid Chemistry-Structure of Phospholopids Lipid Chemistry-Glycerophosholopids Lipid Chemistry-Phosphotidylcholines Lipid Chemistry-Phosphotidyl Ehanol Amine Lipid Chemistry-Phosphotidylinositol Lipid Chemistry-Ether Lipids Lipid Chemistry-Sphingolipids Lipid Chemistry-Glycosphingolipids Lipid Chemistry-ABO Blood Groups and Glycosphingolipids Lipid Chemistry-Glycerophospholipids Lipid Chemistry-Steroids and Cholesterol Lipid Chemistry-Bile Acids & Bile Salts Lipid Chemistry-Eicosanoids Lipid Chemistry- Cyclooxygenase Pathway Lipid Chemistry-Lipoxygenase Pathway Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- Biomedical importance of nucleotides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-Composition of Nucleotides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- Properties of Nitrogenous Bases Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- N-glycosidic bond Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-Numbering of Carbon and Nitrogen Atoms Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- Phosphodiester Bond Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-Cyclic Nucleotides Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-DNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-DNA Interactions Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-DNA Primary Structure Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-DNA Secondary Structure Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-DNA Tertiary Structure Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-DNA Properties Denaturation of DNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-II Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-DNA Renaturation Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- RNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids-Difference between RNA and DNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- RNA Structural Hierarchy Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- Secondary Structure of RNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- Messenger RNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- Transfer RNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- ribosomal RNA Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids- small Nuclear RNA Enzymes Enzymes- classification Enzymes- Ligand Enzymes- Mechanism of enzyme action Enzymes- induced fit hypothesis Enzymes- co factors, coenzymes Enzymes-Reaction rates and order Enzyme-Factor affecting enzyme activity Enzymes-Enzyme kinetics Enzymes-Michaelis menten equation Enzymes-Michaelis menten equation at low [S] Enzymes-Michaelis Menten equation at high S Enzymes-Order of reaction Enzymes-Line Weaver Burke plot Enzymes-Inhibition of Enzyme Activity Enzymes-Competitive Inhibition Enzymes-Non competitive inhibition Water PH and buffer systems ionization of water Water PH and Buffer systems working examples Water PH and buffer systems weak acids and bases Water PH and buffer systems-working with pKa Water PH and buffer systems HH equation Water PH and buffer systems buffer solutions