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BT503 : Environment Biotechnology

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Course Info

Course Category

Biotechnology

Course Level

Undergraduate

Credit Hours

3

Pre-requisites

N/A

Instructor

Dr. Yasir Rehman
PhD
Department of MMG, University of the Punjab,Lahore

Course Contents

Introduction of Environmental Biotechnology, .Role & Scope, The Global Environmental Market, Modalities and Local Influences (L04), Using Biological Systems, .Extremophiles, Thermophiles, Other Extremophiles, Xenobiotics and Other Problematic Chemicals, Endocrine Disruptors, Ongoing discoveries, Mobility of DNA, Genetic Manipulation, The Manipulation of Bacteria Without Genetic Engineering, The Manipulation of Bacteria by Genetic Engineering, Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering: Enzymes, solutions and equipment, Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering: Genomic Libraries, Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering DNA for transfer: cDNA libraries, & Polymerase chain reaction, .Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering_Cloning Vectors, Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering_Expression Vectors and Reporter Genes, Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering Analysis of Recombinants, Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering Recombinant Bacteria & Yeast, Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering Recombinant Viruses, Transgenic Plants, Transformation of plants (Part I), Transformation of plants (Part II), Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Resistance against herbicides, Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Resistance against pests           , Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Improved resistance to disease, Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Improved tolerance, Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Improved plants for phytoremediation, Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: New products from plants, Introduction to Bio-indicators, Utilization of Bio-indicators, Types of bio-indicators: Plant Indicators, Types of bio indicators animal indicator, Types of bio indicators microbial indicator, Bio-monitoring, Plankton, Planktons as an indicator of water pollution, Phytoplankton, Evidences pertaining to phytoplankton, Zooplanktons, Evidences pertaining to zooplanktons, Aquatic insects as environmental indicators, Pollution and Pollution Control, Classifying Pollution, Toxicity, Persistence & Mobility, Ease of control, & Bio-accumulation, Chemistry of pollutants, The Pollution Environment, Pollution Control Strategies, Pollution Control Strategies air water & soil, Concentration and Containment, Practical Toxicity Issues (Part I) , Practical Toxicity Issues (Part II), Industrial Pollution in Karachi , Practical Applications to Pollution Control, Biofilters, Biotrickling filters, Bioscrubbers, Other options (for treating gases), Absorption, Adsorption, Incineration, & Ozonation, Main advantages of biotechnological approaches, Clean’ Technology, Process Changes, Textile Industry, Leather industry, Desulphurization of coal and oil, Biological Control, Whole organism approaches (Part-I) , Whole organism approaches (Part-II), Semiochemical agents (Part-I), Semiochemical agents (Part II), Bio-Substitutions, Barriers to uptake, Biomimetics, Simple bio-substitutions, Wastewater Treatment levels, Wastewater treatment (WWT) Operations, Process and System, Mechanisms for removal of pollutants in wastewater, Mechanisms for removal of pollutants from domestic sewage, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Stabilization Ponds, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Land Disposal, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Anaerobic System, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Activated sludge, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Aerobic Biofilm Reactors, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Preliminary Treatment, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Primary Treatment, Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Secondary Treatment, . Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Facultative Ponds, . Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Anaerobic pond – facultative ponds systems, Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Facultative aerated lagoon,  Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Complete-mix aerated lagoon – sedimentation pond systems, Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds High rate ponds,  Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Maturation ponds, . Secondary Treatment Land disposal, Secondary Treatment land Disposal slow rate system, Secondary Treatment Land Disposal rapid infilteration, Secondary Treatment land disposal subsurface infilteration, Secondary Treatment land diposal overland flow, Secondary Treatment constructed water land, Secondary Treatment constructed waterlands,sub-surface vertical horizontal, Secondary Treatment anaerobic reactors septic tank, Secondary Treatment upflow anaerobic slug blanket, Secondary Treatment Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors II, Secondary Treatment Activated Sludge System I, Secondary Treatment Activated Sludge System II, Secondary Treatment Conventional Activated Sludge I, Conventional Activated Sludge (II), Activated Sludge System; Extended Aeration, Activated Sludge System; Intermittent operation, Activated sludge with biological nitrogen removal, Activated sludge with biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal, Aerobic biofilm reactors Low rate trickling filter, Aerobic biofilm reactors High rate trickling filter, Aerobic biofilm reactors Submerged aerated biofilters, Aerobic biofilm reactors - Rotating biological contactors, Removal of Pathogenic Organisms, Analysis and Selection of the Wastewater Treatment Process, Criteria for Analysis, Comparison between the wastewater treatment systems, Sludge treatment & disposal (Introduction), Relationships in sludge Relation between solid levels and water content,  Sludge density Expression of the concentration of dry solids, Relation between flow, concentration and load, Quantity of Sludge Generated in the Wastewater treatment Processes, Sludge treatment stages, Sludge Thickening and Sludge Stabilization, Sludge Dewatering, Sludge Dewatering Sludge Drying Beds & Lagoons, Sludge Dewatering centrifuge, Sludge Disinfection Composting and Thermophilic aerobic digestion , Lime stabilization, Pasteurization and Thermal treatment, Final Disposal of the Sludge, Contaminated Land and Bio-remediation, Closed Remediation method, In situ and Ex situ techniques, Intensive and Extensive Technologies, Bioremediation Documentary, The Suitability of Bioremediation, Factors Affecting the Use of Bio-remediation, Biotechnology Selection, In situ Techniques, Site Monitoring for Biotechnological Applications, Ex situ Techniques             , Process Selection and Integration, Case Studies             , Oil Spill Bio-remediation, Phytotechnology and Photosynthesis, Terrestrial Phyto-Systems Metal Phytoremediation, Terrestrial Phyto-Systems Rhizofiltration, Terrestrial Phyto-Systems (TSP), Phytoremediation – Plant Selection, Aquatic Phyto-Systems (APS) & Macrophyte Treatment System, APS Macrophyte Treatment System (MaTS) – II, Nutrient Film Techniques (NFTs) & Algal Treatment Systems (ATS), Carbon sequestration by ATS, Pollution Detection, Case studies, Solid Waste Management, Sources and Types of Solid Waste, Initial Steps in Solid Waste Management, Key Components of Solid Waste Management, On-Site Disposal Options-I (For Solid Waste), On-Site Disposal - II Options, Transportation Options, Off-Site Disposal Options, Intervention Levels, Protective Measures, Solid Waste Management, Integrated Environmental Biotechnology, Bioenergy, Derived Biofuels Methane biogas I, Derived Biofuels Methane Biogas II, Ethanol Fermentation, Short Rotation Coppicing I, Short Rotation Coppicing II, Biodiesel, The Great Biofuel Conundrum, Integrated Agricultural Applications & Plant Disease Suppression I, Integrated Agricultural Applications & Plant Disease Suppression II, Microbial Pesticides I, Microbial Pesticides II, Plant Microbe Interactions, Microbes External to the Plants, Microbes Internal to the Plants, Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation, Endomycorrhizae and Plant Pathogens, Cauliflower Mosaic Virus, Case Study, Detoxification of Hazardous Chemicals I, Detoxification of Hazardous Chemicals II, Factors Causing Molecular Recalcitrance, Microorganisms Presence, Energy Metabolism Versus Cometabolism, Electron Donor Versus Electron Acceptors – I, Electron Donor Versus Electron Acceptors – II, Minimum Substrate Concentration – I, Minimum Substrate Concentration – II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pesticides I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pesticides II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pesticides III, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Hydrocarbons, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants BTEX and MTBE I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants BTEX and MTBE II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants hydrocarbon I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants hydrocarbons II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants PCBs I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants PCBs II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pentachlorophenol, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Dioxin I, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Dioxins II, Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Explosives, General Fate Modeling for Organic Chemicals – I, General Fate Modeling for Organic Chemicals – II, Inorganic Elements – I, Inorganic Elements – II, Inorganic Elements – III, Biosensors Introduction, Biosensors Configurations, Environmental Applications of Biosensors Toxicity, Endocrine Effect Biosensors, Biocides, Hormones, PCBs & Dioxins, Phenols