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BT503 : Environment Biotechnology

Course Overview

Course Synopsis

This course is designed to develop understanding of the students to the fundamental concepts of environmental biotechnology including a broad range of applications such as bioremediation, prevention, detection and monitoring, genetic engineering for sustainable development and better quality of living.This course will enable the students to get sufficient knowledge about the subject.

Course Learning Outcomes

Basic concept of environment biotechnology

  • Understand and comprehend the scope of Environment biotechnology.
  • Learn and apply different methods of pollution control
  • Classify and identify different pollutants
  • Understand basic techniques of waste removal
  • Students will learn basic concept of Genetic engineering, Bioremediation and Biomonitoring


Course Calendar

TopicLectureResourcePage
1.Introduction of Environmental Biotechnology1PPT
2.Role & Scope2PPT
3.The Global Environmental Market3PPT
4.Modalities and Local Influences (L04)4PPT
5.Using Biological Systems5PPT
6.Extremophiles6PPT
7.Thermophiles7PPT
8.Other Extremophiles8PPT
9.Xenobiotics and Other Problematic Chemicals9PPT
10.Endocrine Disruptors10PPT
11.Ongoing discoveries11PPT
12.Mobility of DNA12PPT
13.Genetic Manipulation13PPT
14.The Manipulation of Bacteria Without Genetic Engineering14PPT
15.The Manipulation of Bacteria by Genetic Engineering15PPT
16.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering: Enzymes, solutions and equipment16PPT
17.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering:Genomic Libraries17PPT
18.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering DNA for transfer: cDNA libraries, & Polymerase chain reaction18PPT
19.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering_Cloning Vectors19PPT
20.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering_Expression Vectors and Reporter Genes20PPT
21.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering Analysis of Recombinants21PPT
22.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering Recombinant Bacteria & Yeast22PPT
23.Basic Principles of Genetic Engineering Recombinant Viruses23PPT
24.Transgenic Plants24PPT
25.Transformation of plants (Part I)25PPT
26.Transformation of plants (Part II)26PPT
27.Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Resistance against herbicides27PPT
28.Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Resistance against pests28PPT
29.Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Improved resistance to disease29PPT
30.Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Improved tolerance30PPT
31.Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: Improved plants for phytoremediation31PPT
32.Selected examples of developments in plant Genetic Engineering: New products from plants32PPT
33.Introduction to Bio-indicators33PPT
34.Utilization of Bio-indicators34PPT
35.Types of bio-indicators: Plant Indicators35PPT
36 Types of bio indicators animal indicator36PPT
37 Types of bio indicators microbial indicator37PPT
38. Bio-monitoring38PPT
39. Plankton39PPT
40. Planktons as an indicator of water pollution40PPT
Assignment No.1
41.Phytoplankton41PPT
42.Evidences pertaining to phytoplankton42PPT
43. Zooplanktons43PPT
44. Evidences pertaining to zooplanktons44PPT
45.Aquatic insects as environmental indicators45PPT
46.Pollution and Pollution Control46PPT
47.Classifying Pollution47PPT
48.Toxicity48PPT
49.Persistence & Mobility49PPT
50.Ease of control, & Bio-accumulation50PPT
51.Chemistry of pollutants51PPT
52.The Pollution Environment52PPT
53.Pollution Control Strategies53PPT
54.Pollution Control Strategies air water & soil54PPT
55.Concentration and Containment55PPT
56.Practical Toxicity Issues (Part I)56PPT
57.Practical Toxicity Issues (Part II)57PPT
58.Industrial Pollution in Karachi58PPT
59.Practical Applications to Pollution Control.pptx59PPT
60. Biofilters60PPT
61. Biotrickling filters61PPT
62. Bioscrubbers62PPT
63. Other options (for treating gases)63PPT
64. Absorption, Adsorption, Incineration, & Ozonation64PPT
65. Main advantages of biotechnological approaches65PPT
66. Clean’ Technology66PPT
67. Process Changes67PPT
68. Textile Industry68PPT
69. Leather industry69PPT
70. Desulphurization of coal and oil70PPT
71. Biological Control71PPT
72. Whole organism approaches (Part-I)72PPT
73. Whole organism approaches (Part-II)73PPT
74. Semiochemical agents (Part-I)74PPT
75. Semiochemical agents (Part II)75PPT
76. Bio-Substitutions76PPT
77. Barriers to uptake77PPT
78. Biomimetics78PPT
79. Simple bio-substitutions79PPT
80. Wastewater Treatment levels80PPT
GDB
81. Wastewater treatment (WWT) Operations, Process and System81PPT
82. Mechanisms for removal of pollutants in wastewater82PPT
83. Mechanisms for removal of pollutants from domestic sewage83PPT
84. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Stabilization Ponds84PPT
85. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Land Disposal85PPT
86. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Anaerobic System86PPT
87. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Activated sludge87PPT
88. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Aerobic Biofilm Reactors88PPT
89. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Preliminary Treatment89PPT
90. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Primary Treatment90PPT
91. Main Biological Wastewater Treatment Systems Secondary Treatment91PPT
92. Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Facultative Ponds92PPT
93. Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Anaerobic pond – facultative ponds systems93PPT
94. Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Facultative aerated lagoon94PPT
95. Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Complete-mix aerated lagoon – sedimentation pond systems95PPT
96. Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds High rate ponds96PPT
97. Secondary Treatment Stabilisation ponds Maturation ponds97PPT
98. Secondary Treatment Land disposal98PPT
99. Secondary Treatment land Disposal slow rate system99PPT
100. Secondary Treatment Land Disposal rapid infilteration100PPT
101. Secondary Treatment land disposal subsurface infilteration.101PPT
102. Secondary Treatment land diposal overland flow102PPT
103. Secondary Treatment constructed water land103PPT
104. Secondary Treatment constructed waterlands,sub-surface vertical horizontal.14PPT
105. Secondary Treatment anaerobic reactors septic tank105PPT
106. Secondary Treatment upflow anaerobic slug blanket106PPT
107. Secondary Treatment Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors II107PPT
108. Secondary Treatment Activated Sludge System I108PPT
109. Secondary Treatment Activated Sludge System II109PPT
110. Secondary Treatment Conventional Activated Sludge I110PPT
111. Conventional Activated Sludge (II)111PPT
112. Activated Sludge System; Extended Aeration112PPT
113. Activated Sludge System; Intermittent operation113PPT
114. Activated sludge with biological nitrogen removal114PPT
115. Activated sludge with biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal115PPT
116. Aerobic biofilm reactors Low rate trickling filter116PPT
117. Aerobic biofilm reactors High rate trickling filter117PPT
Special Quiz (in lieu of Midterm Examination)
118. Aerobic biofilm reactors Submerged aerated biofilters118PPT
119. Aerobic biofilm reactors Rotating biological contactors119PPT
120. Removal of Pathogenic Organisms120PPT
121. Analysis and Selection of the Wastewater Treatment Process, Criteria for Analysis121PPT
122. Comparison between the wastewater treatment systems122PPT
123. Sludge treatment & disposal (Introduction)123PPT
124. Relationships in sludge Relation between solid levels and water content124PPT
125. Sludge density Expression of the concentration of dry solids125PPT
126. Relation between flow, concentration and load126PPT
127. Quantity of Sludge Generated in the Wastewater treatment Processes127PPT
128. Sludge treatment stages128PPT
129. Sludge Thickening and Sludge Stabilization129PPT
130. Sludge Dewatering130PPT
131. Sludge Dewatering Sludge Drying Beds & Lagoons131PPT
132. Sludge Dewatering centrifuge132PPT
133. Sludge Disinfection Composting and Thermophilic aerobic digestion133PPT
134. Lime stabilization, Pasteurisation and Thermal treatment134PPT
135. Final Disposal of the Sludge135PPT
136. Contaminated Land and Bio-remediation136PPT
137. Remediation methods137PPT
138. In situ and Ex situ techniques138PPT
139. Intensive and Extensive Technologies139PPT
140. Bioremediation Documentary140PPT
141. The Suitability of Bioremediation141PPT
142. Factors Affecting the Use of Bio-remediation142PPT
143. Biotechnology Selection143PPT
144. In situ Techniques144PPT
145. Site Monitoring for Biotechnological Applications145PPT
146. Ex situ Techniques146PPT
147. Process Selection and Integration147PPT
148. Case Studies148PPT
149. Oil Spill Bio-remediation149PPT
150. Phytotechnology and Photosynthesis150PPT
Assignment No.2
151. Terrestrial Phyto-Systems Metal Phytoremediation151PPT
152. Terrestrial Phyto-Systems Rhizofiltration152PPT
153. Terrestrial Phyto-Systems (TSP)153PPT
154. Phytoremediation – Plant Selection154PPT
155. Aquatic Phyto-Systems (APS) & Macrophyte Treatment System155PPT
156. APS Macrophyte Treatment System (MaTS) - II156PPT
157. Nutrient Film Techniques (NFTs) & Algal Treatment Systems (ATS)157PPT
158. Carbon sequestration by ATS158PPT
159. Pollution Detection159PPT
160. Case studies160PPT
161. Solid Waste Management161PPT
162. Sources and Types of Solid Waste162PPT
163. Initial Steps in Solid Waste Management163PPT
164. Key Components of Solid Waste Management164PPT
165. On-Site Disposal Options-I (For Solid Waste)165PPT
166. On-Site Disposal - II Options166PPT
167. Transportation Options167PPT
168. Off-Site Disposal Options168PPT
169. Intervention Levels169PPT
170. Protective Measures170PPT
171. Solid Waste Management171PPT
172. Integrated Environmental Biotechnology172PPT
173. Bioenergy173PPT
174. Derived Biofuels Methane biogas I174PPT
175. Derived Biofuels Methane Biogass II175PPT
176. Ethanol Fermentation176PPT
177. Short Rotation Coppicing I177PPT
178. Short Rotation Coppicing II178PPT
179. Biodiesel179PPT
180. The Great Biofuel Conundrum180PPT
Quiz
181. Integrated Agricultural Applications & Plant Disease Suppression I181PPT
182. Integrated Agricultural Applications & Plant Disease Suppression II182PPT
183. Microbial Pesticides I183PPT
184. Microbial Pesticides II184PPT
185. Plant Microbe Interactions185PPT
186. Microbes External to the Plants186PPT
187. Microbes Internal to the Plants187PPT
188. Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation188PPT
189. Endomycorrhizae and Plant Pathogens189PPT
190. Cauliflower Mosaic Virus190PPT
191. Case Study191PPT
192. Detoxification of Hazardous Chemicals I192PPT
193. Detoxification of Hazardous Chemicals II193PPT
194. Factors Causing Molecular Recalcitrance194PPT
195. Factors Causing Molecular Recalcitrance195PPT
196. Microorganisms Presence196PPT
197. Energy Metabolism Versus Cometabolism197PPT
198. Electron Donor Versus Electron Acceptors - I198PPT
199. Electron Donor Versus Electron Acceptors - II199PPT
200. Minimum Substrate Concentration - I200PPT
201. Minimum Substrate Concentration - II201PPT
202. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants202PPT
203. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pesticides I203PPT
204. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pesticides II204PPT
205. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pesticides III205PPT
206. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Hydrocarbons206PPT
207. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants BTEX and MTBE I207PPT
208. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants BTEX and MTBE II208PPT
209. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon I209PPT
210. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon II210PPT
211. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants I211PPT
212. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants II212PPT
213. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants I213PPT
214. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants II214PPT
215. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants hycrocarbon I215PPT
216. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants hydrocarbons II216PPT
217. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants PCBs I217PPT
218. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants PCBs II218PPT
219. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Pentachlorophenol219PPT
220. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Dioxin I220PPT
221. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Dioxins II221PPT
222. Biodegradation of Problem Environmental Contaminants Explosives222PPT
223. General Fate Modeling for Organic Chemicals - I223PPT
224. General Fate Modeling for Organic Chemicals - II224PPT
225. Inorganic Elements - I225PPT
226. Inorganic Elements - II226PPT
227. Inorganic Elements - III227PPT
228. Biosensors Introduction228PPT
229. Biosensors Configurations229PPT
230. Environmental Applications of Biosensors Toxicity230PPT
231. Endocrine Effect Biosensors231PPT
232. Biocides232PPT
233. Hormones233PPT
234. PCBs & Dioxins234PPT
235. Phenols235PPT
Final Examination
 
 
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