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ENG507 : Phonetics and Phonology

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Dr. Muhammad Kamal Khan
University of Management and Technology, Lahore (UMT)

Course Contents

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE-I Introduction to the Course Learning Why Studying Phonetics and Phonology? Focus Language - English Aims and Objective of the Course Evaluation Criteria for the Course Introduction to Vowels and Consonants INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE-II Introduction to English Vowels Introduction to English Diphthongs Introduction to English Consonants IPA Transcription of English Sounds Introduction to Phonology Introduction to Phonetics INTRODUCTION TO KEY CONCEPTS IN PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY (P&P)-I Phonetics vs. Phonology Introduction to Key Concepts in Phonetics and Phonology Types of Phonetic Studies Articulatory Phonetics Acoustic Phonetics Auditory Phonetics INTRODUCTION TO KEY CONCEPTS IN PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY (P&P)-II Experimental Phonetics and Phonology Generative Phonology Articulatory Phonetics-I Speech Production Sound Waves The Oro-Nasal Process ARTICULATORY PHONETICS-II Articulatory Gestures Manners of Articulation Stop: Oral and Nasal Fricative Approximants Additional Consonantal Gestures Trill, Tap and Flap ARTICULATORY PHONETICS-III The Waveforms of Consonants The Articulation of Vowel Sounds The Sounds of Vowels Long Vowels and Diphthongs Introduction to Suprasegmentals PHONEMIC AND PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION-I Why Transcribe? Introduction to IPA Explaining IPA Chart Transcription of Vowels Transcription of Consonants Transcription of Consonant Sounds-II: Explanation PHONEMIC AND PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION-II Broad and Narrow Transcription IPA Resource: The North Wind and The Sun Story IPA Story: Explanation IPA Story: Practice IPA Story: Broad Transcription IPA Story-Phonetic Transcription PHONEMIC AND PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION-III Transcription Beyond Words Transcription Beyond Words: Word Stress Transcription Beyond Words: Accent Transcription Beyond Words: Phrases Transcription Beyond Words: Rhythm and Beyond THE CONSONANTS OF ENGLISH-I The Consonants of English Stop Consonants Fricatives Affricates Nasals Approximants THE CONSONANTS OF ENGLISH-II Overlapping Gestures Aspects of Connected Speech Co-articulation Rules for English Consonant Allophones (ECA) Rules for ECA: Explanation THE CONSONANTS OF ENGLISH-III Introduction to Diacritics Diacritics and Detailed Transcription Aspiration Nasalization Velarization ENGLISH VOWELS-I Introduction to English Vowels Vowel Quality Auditory Vowel Space American and British Vowels ENGLISH VOWELS-II Diphthongs Rhotic Vowels Unstressed Syllables ENGLISH VOWELS-III Tense and Lax Vowels Fortis and Lenis Consonants Rules for English Vowel Allophones ENGLISH WORDS AND SENTENCES-I English Words and Sentences Words in Connected Speech Stress Degree of stress Stress Explanation ENGLISH WORDS AND SENTENCES-II Sentence Rhythm Intonation Explaining Intonation Target Tones Explaining Target Tones AIRSTREAM MECHANISMS Airstream Mechanisms Pulmonic Airstream Mechanism Glottalic Airstream Mechanism Velaric Airstream Mechanism Summary of the Airstream Mechanisms PHONATION Introduction to Phonation Phonation Explanation States of the Glottis Phonation Types Voicing and Consonants VOICE ONSET TIME (VOT) Voice Onset Time (VOT) VOT Explanation Importance of VOT Types of VOT CONSONANTAL GESTURES-I Consonantal Gestures Articulatory Targets Types of Articulatory Gestures Stops Nasals Fricatives CONSONANTAL GESTURES-II Trills, Taps and Flaps Laterals Summary of the Articulatory Gestures Explaining the Summary of the Articulatory Gestures ACOUSTIC PHONETICS-I Acoustic Phonetics Explaining Acoustic Phonetics Acoustic Analysis Acoustic Analysis of Vowels Source Filter Theory of Speech Production Explaining Source Filter Mechanism ACOUSTIC PHONETICS-II Tube Models Explaining the Tube Models Perturbation Theory Explaining Perturbation Theory Explaining Acoustic Analysis (Vowels) Acoustics of Consonants ACOUSTIC PHONETICS-III Explaining the Acoustics of Consonants Interpreting Spectrograms Useful Techniques for Interpreting Spectrograms Individual Differences Analyzing Individual Differences VOWELS AND VOWEL-LIKE ARTICULATIONS-I Vowels and Vowel-like Articulation Cardinal Vowels Secondary Cardinal Vowels Comparing Primary VS Secondary Cardinal Vowels VOWELS AND VOWEL-LIKE ARTICULATIONS-II Vowels in Other Accents of English Vowels in BBC English Vowels in Other Languages Advanced Tongue Root (ATR) Rhotacized Vowels VOWELS AND VOWEL-LIKE ARTICULATIONS-III Nasalization in Vowels Summary of Vowel Quality Semivowels Secondary Articulatory Gestures (SAG) SAGs Discussion Summary of the SAGs SUPRASEGMENTAL FEATURES-I Introduction to Suprasegemntal (SS) Features Syllable Explaining Syllable Stress as a Suprasegmental Feature Types and Categories of Stress Lexical and Emphatic Stress SUPRASEGMENTAL FEATURES-II Stress Timed Languages Explaining Stress Timed Languages Syllable Timed Languages Explaining Syllable Timed Languages Pitch as a Suprasegmental Feature SUPRASEGMENTAL FEATURES-III Tone and Tonal Languages Intonation as a Suprasegmental Feature Functions of Intonations Explaining Functions of Intonation LINGUISTIC PHONETICS-I Linguistic Phonetics Phonetics of the Community and of the Individual Explaining Phonetics of the Community and of the individual The IPA Explaining the IPA LINGUISTIC PHONETICS-II Feature Hierarchy Feature Hierarchy: Discussion Feature Hierarchy: Explanation Problems with Linguistic Explanations Explaining the Problem with Linguistic Explanations LINGUISTIC PHONETICS-III Controlling Articulatory Movements Memory for Speech Explaining Memory for Speech The Balance between Phonetic Forces Explaining the Balance Between Phonetic Forces PHONOTACTICS AND SYLLABIC TEMPLATES Syllabic Templates and Syllabification Explaining Syllabification Phonotactics Explaining Phonotactics USING PRAAT-I Introduction to PRAAT Introduction to PRAAT Manual Exploring PRAAT Recording and Displaying Segmenting and Labeling Exporting Visual Display to Word File USING PRAAT-II The Source-Filter Model of Speech Measuring the Fundamental Frequency Measuring the Harmonics Measuring the Formants Relationship Between Harmonics and Formants USING PRAAT-III Vowel Properties Intrinsic Pitch Spectral Make-up (Formant Values) Plotting Vowels on Chart USING PRAAT-IV Sonorants and Their Formants Nasal Formants Glides and Their Formants Using PRAAT-V Stop Voicing on Spectrograph Measuring Voice Onset Time (VOT) FURTHER AREASOF STUDY IN P&P [FUTURE RESEARCH AREAS] P&P Research as the Part of English Language Teaching Current Trends in P&P Research Distinctive Features Experimental Phonetics The Study of Variety THE PEDAGOGY OF PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY The Relationship between ELT and P&P Developing Relevant Material Conducting Classroom Research for ELT Making Research Accessible to Teachers Facilitating Action Research