MCM610 : Mass Communication Law & Ethics

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Course Info

Course Category

Mass Communication

Course Level


Credit Hours





Prof. Dr. Zafar Iqbal
Post doc
University of Surrey

Course Contents

Ethics An Introduction, Essence and Purpose of Ethics, Theories of Ethics – I, Theories of Ethics – II, Sources of Ethics in Pakistan’s Society, Mass Media Ethics: need and scope, Islamic Codes of ethics, Ethical Problems: External & Internal pressures on media, Ethical problems: The violations of ethics in Pakistan (deadline and ethics, Ethical problems: Privacy, corruption, personal interests, etc, Codes of Ethics and Application: needs and bodies to frame ethics, International code of ethics: an introduction, Mass media code of ethics in Pakistan: History and critique, Ethics by the PFUJ, CPNE and other bodies, Ethical codes by PEMRA , Ethical codes by Press Council of Pakistan, Issues in Applications of Code of Ethics – Interviews, Media freedom: introduction, Defining the limits of media freedom, Absolute vs responsible freedom of media, Universal media laws: introduction, Universal Declaration of Human Rights: The Article 19, Evolution of press laws with special references to sub-continent and Pakistan, Constitutional provisions on freedom of expression in Pakistan, Provisions in the Major Laws: Defamation, Provisions in the Major Laws: Libel, Provisions in the Major Laws: Others, Special Laws: an overview of media laws, PEMRA Ordinance: introduction, PEMRA: Provisions on ethics, PEMRA: Legal Provisions / Issues, Press Council of Pakistan: History, Introduction and Constitution, Press Council of Pakistan: Ethical concerns, Press Council of Pakistan: How does it address the ethical issues?, In the Public Interest, Copy rights: issues and challenges, Contempt of court and mass media, Ethics, laws and emerging technologies, Pakistan’s Policies regarding: Teleport, IPTV, Cable TV, DTH, Landing Point, Temporary Unlinking, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority: Introduction, Mandate and functions, PTA: regulatory issues, implications of regulations,Broadband Policy, Licensing issues, Interconnect cost analysis, Analysis of settlement, Interconnect Strategies, Technological changes and their impact on the regulations and policies: The digital future, cable and satellite, digital TV , Case studies, the internet and cyberspace and need for universal legal and ethical framework, Dealing with issues of obscenity, other offensive content, economic aspects, privacy, encryption and access